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AAB Code of Ethics & Editorial Policy

The following policies are applicable to Academy of Asian Business Review (AABR). Two major subjects are described:
(1) Editorial Review Policy and (2) the Code of Ethics on author misconduct policy and procedures.

Editorial Review Policy

  • 1. Overview: Replication and Integrity in AAB Publications
  • 2. Review Process
  • 3. Additional Supplementary Materials during the Review Process
  • 4. Dissemination of Additional Supplemental Materials
  • 5. Protecting Intellectual Property
  • 6. Concurrent Reviews
  • 7. Resubmissions
  • 8. Conflicts of Interest
  • 9. Sharing of Reviewing Responsibilities
  • 10. Copyrights & Permissions

1. Overview: Quality and Integrity in AAB Publications

The Academy of Asian Business (AAB) is committed to fostering the meaningful exchange of information to help create an environment for constructive criticism and free exchange of ideas. As publisher of the Academy of Asian Business Review, the AAB expects authors to adhere to the highest standards of integrity in research and the communication of research results and findings. Papers submitted to AAB journals should include enough information (including in-text, appendix, or other online supplements) so as to allow a reasonably trained researcher to replicate the results. This should include a precise description of the research and analysis procedures.

The AAB requires the authors of manuscripts submitted to AAB journals to share additional details of their research findings and insights when requested by a journal editor. Although sharing and posting of data is not required, such additional information may include computer code, instruments, and other relevant information deemed necessary to facilitate replication. If there are any proprietary restriction on information, authors must notify the editor at time of manuscript submission.

2. Review Process

All reviews will use a double-blind review process. Reviewers and journal editors are expected to provide comments and critiques in a confidential, constructive, prompt, and unbiased manner appropriate for their position of responsibility. Collegiality, respect for the author’s dignity, and the search for ways to improve the quality of the manuscript should characterize the review process. The editor has the final authority for the acceptance or rejection of any article.

3. Additional Supplementary Materials during the Review Process

In addition to the above, during the course of the review process the editor may request additional materials including data if they are seen as essential for judging the merits of the research. Data and other requested materials would be viewed confidentially by the review team. The editor must be notified in advance if such requests could not be met due to proprietary or other restrictions.

4. Dissemination of Additional Supplemental Materials

In addition to providing a detailed description of research procedures, authors of manuscripts accepted for publication in AAB journals are encouraged to post additional supplemental materials that would support replication of their research, including data materials. The AAB will provide a free, un-gated platform for authors and scholars to upload, download, and discuss any such materials. Interested parties may also contact authors directly to request additional materials to facilitate replication.

5. Protecting Intellectual Property

The AAB is committed to the protection of intellectual property. When supplementary materials are requested during the review period, they will be subject to the AAB’s double-blind peer-review process in order to maintain author anonymity. Note, however, that author anonymity is not uniform for all AAB journals regarding Area Editors or Associate Editors. It is at the discretion of the sitting editor if AEs are made aware of author identification.

Reviewer team members will not use ideas from or show another person the manuscript or supplementary materials they have been asked to review without the explicit permission of the manuscript's author, obtained through the journal editor. Advice regarding specific, limited aspects of the manuscript may be sought from colleagues with specific expertise, provided the author’s identity and intellectual property remain secure.

6. Concurrent Reviews

AAB policy prohibits an article under review at an AAB journal from being concurrently reviewed at another journal without prior discussion with and written permission from the involved AAB journal editor.

7. Resubmissions

Manuscripts that have been rejected are not eligible for further consideration by the same journal and thus should not be resubmitted. If a revision is allowed, it will be explicitly stated in the Editor’s decision. Other revisions of previously rejected manuscripts will be promptly returned to the authors without review.

8. Conflicts of Interest

Conflicts of interest may arise in a variety of situations, and therefore the author is required to inform the editor of such conflict. A conflict of interest may exist when a manuscript under review puts forth a position contrary to the reviewer's published work or when a manuscript author or reviewer has a substantial direct or indirect financial interest in the subject matter of the manuscript. Because it is AAB policy to engage in a double-blind review process, a conflict of interest may also exist when a reviewer knows the author of a manuscript. The reviewer should consult the journal editor in such situations to decide whether to review the manuscript. A conflict of interest does not exist when an author disagrees with a reviewer's assessment that a problem is unimportant or disagrees with an editorial outcome.

9. Sharing of Reviewing Responsibilities

Sharing of reviewing responsibilities is inappropriate. The review is the sole responsibility of the person to whom it was assigned by the journal editor. Students and colleagues should not be asked to prepare reviews unless the journal editor has given explicit prior approval. Each person contributing to a review should receive formal recognition.

10. Copyrights & Permissions

Upon acceptance for publication in an Asia Business Association journal or magazine, all authors are required to sign a copyright form providing copyright ownership to Asia Business Association. The AAB grants permission to use its copyrighted content for a variety of purposes including, but not limited to the following:

  • Articles for classroom, coursepacks, or internal use.
  • Partial or complete republication in another work.

Authors of articles appearing in AAB publications who wish to reproduce some or all of their work may seek permission from the AAB at no charge. Authors who wish to post their AAB-published articles on personal web sites are encouraged to link to the AAB web site. In the event that this is not possible, the author may request a PDF at no charge to post on a personal web site so long as the article is not offered for sale.

Authors who wish to post their AAB-published articles on a university repository must seek permission from the AAB. Authors must inform the AAB if the repository is open access. Articles may not be reposted to web sites or repositories that sell access to the articles. Authors may only post articles to institutional repositories 12-months after publication. To obtain permission to reproduce or repurpose AAB content, please contact at aabr@aabworld.org.

AAB’s Code of Ethics: Author Misconduct Policy and Procedures

As a publisher of peer-reviewed journals, the Asia Business Association requires all journal submissions to adhere to the highest of ethical standards and best practices in publishing. All writing and research submitted to an AAB journal is expected to present accurate information and to properly cite all content referenced from other materials.

1. Overview

In any instance of suspected misconduct, the AAB pledges to carry out the process of detection, investigation, and penalty with fairness and confidentiality during the internal inquiry. The process for detection, investigation, and, if necessary, penalty and retraction for suspected falsification/misreporting of data is as follows:

2. On Overlap

The value of a publication depends on its incremental contribution. Therefore, it is inappropriate to submit articles with substantial overlap. This overlap can result from the use of the same data or analyses or when providing parallel substantive or theoretical results. When there is a question about defining overlap, particularly that which arises from their own work, it is the authors’ responsibility to notify and alert the editor. The Editor will make a binding decision whether a manuscript submitted to an AAB journal is too similar to an article already published there or elsewhere.

When writing a paper, it is important for authors to define its incremental contribution by referencing relevant work on which the paper builds. Authors are expected to search for and reference the related work of others. Authors are especially responsible for informing the Editor about their own work, whether it is published, in working paper form, or under review. When questions arise about related work, the Editor will provide guidance to the authors. Submitting a paper that is substantially the same as a previously published paper is considered a serious breach of professional ethics and may warrant the Editor contacting officials at the authors’ institutions of this breach. In the event that the author(s) is not affiliated with an institution, alternative steps may be taken, including a ban from submitting to AAB journals.

3. On Plagiarism

As defined by the Merriam-Webster dictionary, to plagiarize is “to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own,” “to use (another’s production) without crediting the source,” or “to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source” (http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary). AAB considers other forms of plagiarism to include “self-plagiarism” instances in which an author borrows from his or her own previously published work without the proper citation. It is also unacceptable to submit manuscripts to AAB journals that have previously been published anywhere in any language. It is the authors’ responsibility to inform or notify the Editor upon submission if there is any doubt whether a manuscript may violate any of these terms.

4. On Falsification of Data/Misreporting of Data

The AAB expects all submissions to include data that are honestly and accurately reported according to the accepted best practices of scholarly publishing. In instances in which falsified or grossly misreported data are suspected, the process outlined above (see Plagiarism) will be activated.

5. On Concurrent Reviews

AAB policy prohibits an article under review at an AAB journal from being concurrently reviewed at another journal without prior discussion with and written permission from the involved AAB journal editor.

6. The Process of Detection, Investigation, and Penalty

In any instance of suspected misconduct, the AAB pledges to carry out the process of detection, investigation, and penalty with fairness and confidentiality during the internal investigation. The process for detection, investigation, and penalty for suspected misconduct is as follows:

Each respective journal Editor, along with the Editorial Board and non-Editorial Board reviewers, will serve to detect instances of plagiarism. When an Editor suspects plagiarism (or is informed by a reviewer who suspects plagiarism), he/she will make a judgment whether the claim has any merit. If the Editor determines that there has been potential misconduct, he/she will inform both the Vice President of Publications and Managing Editor and provide a detailed account of the possible violation or misconduct.

When informed by the journal Editor, the Vice President of Publications will determine whether further investigation is required. The Vice President of Publications may choose to assemble a review committee of scholars to determine the exact nature and extent of the suspected misconduct. Each individual investigation may warrant the assembly of a new ad hoc committee. Any committee member who is perceived to have a conflict of interest must recuse him-/herself from the process. The Editor of the journal in question will not serve on the committee. If it is determined that an act of plagiarism has been committed, the Vice President of Publications will inform the author(s), in writing, with a detailed description of the alleged offense. The Vice President of Publications will offer the author(s) an opportunity to respond to the allegation. In events in which more than one author is involved, the authors may collaborate on their response or respond individually. If the committee concludes that no offense has been committed, no further action will be taken, and the Vice President of Publications will inform the authors. If the committee determines that there has been misconduct, the process will move into a penalty phase.

In the event that an author (or authors) has been found to have engaged in some form of misconduct, he/she is to be subjected to a penalty. The nature and extent of the penalty will be determined by the Editor-in-Chief or Vice President of Publications with the advice and counsel of the committee members. The penalty will be dictated by the nature of the offense and will likely include a ban on submitting to any journal published by the AAB for a period of time. All sitting Editors of AAB journals will be informed. The committee is empowered to customize penalties for each individual in instances in which multiple authors are involved. In extreme circumstances, the committee reserves the right to inform an author’s institution, depending on the seriousness of the offense. In the event that ethical misconduct (e.g. misrepresentation/falsification of data, pervasive errors, plagiarism, multiple submission, etc.) is determined to have occurred in a manuscript published in an AAB journal, the AAB reserves the right to issue a public retraction of the manuscript in question. The retraction will come in the form of a note published in a subsequent issue of the journal. The article’s citation will be labeled as “Retracted” in all databases and the electronic version of the manuscript file will be clearly marked as “Retracted.”

7. Bioethics and Safety Act

AAB also follows this Act to ensure bioethics and biosafety, thereby contributing to the promotion of citizens' health and the improvement of their quality of life by preventing the violation of human dignity and values or the infliction of harm on human body in the course of researching on human beings or human subjects, etc. A "human subjects research project" means a research project physically involving a human being as a subject, a research project carried on through communication, physical contact or other means of interaction, a research project carried out by using information with which individuals can be identified, and the term "human subject of research" means a person who is the subject of a human subjects research project. No activity regulated under this Act shall be conducted in any manner that violates the dignity and values of a human being, and priority shall be given to human rights and welfare of each human subject of research or donor. At the time of submission to AABR, all authors should agree that their research does not violate this act.